Inside Victoria Crater
Oct. 23 to Dec. 11, 2007
During four months prior
to the fourth anniversary of its landing on Mars, NASA's Mars
Exploration Rover Opportunity examined rocks inside an alcove called
"Duck Bay" in the western portion of Victoria Crater. The main
body of the crater appears in the upper right of this panorama, with the
far side of the crater lying about 800 meters (half a mile) away.
Bracketing that part of the view are two promontories on the crater's
rim at either side of Duck Bay. They are "Cape Verde," about 6
meters (20 feet) tall, on the left, and "Cabo Frio," about 15
meters (50 feet) tall, on the right. The rest of the image, other than
sky and portions of the rover, is ground within Duck Bay.
Opportunity's targets of study during the last quarter of 2007 were rock
layers within a band exposed around the interior of the crater, about 6
meters (20 feet) from the rim. Bright rocks within the band are visible
in the foreground of the panorama. The rover science team assigned
informal names to three subdivisions of the band: "Steno,"
"Smith," and "Lyell."
This view combines many images taken by Opportunity's panoramic camera (Pancam)
from the 1,332nd through 1,379th Martian days, or sols, of the mission
(Oct. 23 to Dec. 11, 2007). Images taken through Pancam filters centered
on wavelengths of 753 nanometers, 535 nanometers and 432 nanometers were
mixed to produce this view, which is presented in a false-color stretch
to bring out subtle color differences in the scene. Some visible
patterns in dark and light tones are the result of combining frames that
were affected by dust on the front sapphire window of the rover's
Opportunity landed on Jan. 25, 2004, Universal Time, (Jan. 24, Pacific
Time) inside a much smaller crater about 6 kilometers (4 miles) north of
Victoria Crater, to begin a surface mission designed to last 3 months
and drive about 600 meters (0.4 mile).
Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell University.
Use left mouse button to move
Use right mouse button, mouse wheel or Ctrl/Shift keys to zoom.